Africa's fatality rate from COVID-19 is surprisingly only 2.4%, compared to 2.9% in North America and 4.5% in Europe. Hard-hit areas like Italy and Britain reported fatality rates of 11.6% and 9.0% (respectively), while South Africa is at 2.4%, Nigeria at 1.9%, and Ethiopia at 1.6%. Africa has one of the most overburdened public health systems, a lack of testing facilities, overcrowded indoor slums, and Africa is the poorest continent on Earth. However, there are a few factors that might be causing record-low infection and fatality numbers in African nations, such as a higher youth population. As we know, covid disproportionately targets older people, and according to a United Nations report, 62% of sub-Saharan Africa’s population was under 25 years old and just 3% were over 65 years old, compared to 28% and 18% (respectively) in Europe. Africa also has decades of education from other outbreaks and pandemics like Ebola, Cholera and Anthrax. Some scientists believe their covid cases are being hidden behind other medical conditions, but the evidence here isn't very strong. Africa isn't the most popular tourist destination for global travelers either, so the African governments and airports hubs had much longer time to react. South Africa, the second largest economy in Africa, introduced a very aggressive quarantine in early March, with less than 400 cases, after seeing the devastation in China, Iran and Europe, which might have saved hundreds of thousands of lives. COVID-19 has shattered a lot of biases about disease spread in Africa, and surprised many scientists.

Reuters (Sept 28, 2020)